Within the autism spectrum disorder (ASD) based on a group of disorders that affect neurodevelopment, is autism, a neurological abnormality whose consequences often lead to communication difficulties, socialization problems , and even unusually repetitive and limited behaviors .
This anomaly is the most serious form of ASD , which is why it is also often known as classic ASD. Diagnoses indicate that, with very different degrees of affectation, one in 88 people suffer from this disorder, as does one in 54 male children , since the latter are more likely to have ASD than women. In the same way, it can be presented around any social, ethnic and racial group, since it is not discriminatory nor does it understand distinctions.
AUTISM IS ASSOCIATED WITH CONSISTENT BEHAVIORS
AT WHAT AGE IS IT POSSIBLE TO DETECT AUTISM
This disorder can be diagnosed with the help of specialists at the age of 3 years , although current research is developing new methods to make an accurate prognosis at 6 months of age . Normally, parents are the first to detect the infrequent behaviors of their children or those who see impotent as the child does not progress adequately as it is unable to develop certain faculties that usually take place in the different childhood stages.
However, it is difficult to establish a certain age at which parents can detect autism in their children. They may notice incipient differences from birth or that the child grows normally and later loses abilities. Likewise, pediatricians can reach the wrong conclusions, ruling out signs of autism and advising parents to wait a while to see in which line its development continues.
If you feel certain resentment about your child’s progress , it is best to go to your pediatrician as soon as possible so that he can be evaluated through an examination or through certain activities that will not affect the child’s sensitivity. This is really important so that you can benefit from early intervention through the many therapies that exist today.
THERE ARE NO 100% EFFECTIVE TREATMENTS
REASONS WHY AUTISM APPEARS
Scientists have not yet come out clearly in this regard, and although it is not known what its effective cause is, what is likely is that genetics and the environment may be conditioning factors . In fact, numerous studies reveal that people with this abnormality have insufficient levels of neurotransmitters, such as serotonin, in the brain.
This type of abnormality can be generated during the development of the fetus due to irregular brain development as a consequence of certain environmental factors, although a finding of such magnitude as this requires a more concise and rigorous investigation .
Likewise, it is believed that heredity may be a determining factor when it comes to suffering from autism, and it is that new studies with twins indicate that some people have a greater genetic predisposition to autism than others. Thus, if one twin suffers from this disorder, there is a high probability that the other is affected as well.
The same happens in families in which one of the children has ASD and there is a higher risk of suffering the anomaly in a subsequent offspring. Even in many cases, some relatives or directly the parents of an autistic child may have slight difficulties in communication, when it comes to relating to them, or they may be affected by repetitive behaviors , which would prove the importance of inherited genes.
THE MOST COMMON SYMPTOMS OF AUTISM
The most common feature of autism is the development of defective sociability . As we said before, a baby can show enormous manifest indifference towards other people from an early age, or even a child who has developed normally, can at a given moment become socially impassive .
ONE OF THE MOST COMMON SYMPTOMS IS AVOIDING EYE CONTACT
The autistic child is more likely to suffer from serious illnesses , such as tuberous sclerosis, epileptic seizures, disorders that make learning difficult, and even inattention disorder. In fact, approximately 30% acquire epilepsy once they are adults .
CAN AUTISM BE DIAGNOSED?
Some cases are easier to detect than others because there are different degrees of autism. This problem may be difficult to recognize in milder children, or the abnormality may even be hidden behind more serious physical problems. In any case, there are a series of key indicators that will give you the guidelines to be on the alert. These indicators are divided into early and late .
The early ones include the following: not pointing or babbling after one year of age , not recognizing or responding to his name, not maintaining normal eye contact, not smiling, not saying two-word phrases by two years or not repeating single words at 16 months, loss of speech or certain social skills .
Within the late ones are: inability to have a conversation, excessive concern for some objects or people, inability to make friends , difficulty speaking using repetitive or unusual language, lack of social and imaginative games or intensified interests in an irregular way.
The way that medical specialists have when carrying out a quality diagnosis is through questionnaires or other types of evaluations that indicate and show the child’s behavior. Some of these techniques have to do with the observation that the parents have to make, while in other cases a combination of inquiry between the parents and the doctor is necessary.
In the hypothetical case that your child has some of the aforementioned symptoms, it is necessary to carry out a more complete evaluation through a multidisciplinary team made up of a psychiatrist, a neurologist, a psychologist, a therapist and other professionals who help to obtain a more comprehensive neurological information.
AUTISM IS NOT THE SAME AS ASPERGERSI SYNDROME
Unfortunately there is no cure for autism . Current therapies are limited so that there is an improvement in the behavior of the autistic child. These types of interventions are usually carried out through behavioral learning, medications to treat possible symptoms such as depression or anxiety , and even other alternative dietary therapies without scientific studies as a basis. In any case, many children improve with age thanks to this type of treatment, the early detection of autistic disorders being essential.