Ectopic pregnancy occurs when the fertilized ovum settles outside the uterus and normally does so in the fallopian tubes, a space in which it cannot grow or even feed itself, so it does not come to fruition. Usually the embryo itself dies on its own and sometimes the pregnant woman is not even aware that she had an extrauterine pregnancy until the final outcome has taken place, so she does not even need intensive treatment .
Ectopic pregnancy is more common today than it was decades ago. It seems that our mothers and grandmothers did not suffer from them, but this may be, basically, due to ignorance about the process of pregnancy. Then they could be given the same as now but they did it before the woman herself was aware that she was expecting a child or it was simply considered a miscarriage .
Nowadays it has been calculated that out of every hundred pregnancies one or two can be extrauterine and that in most cases the embryo settles in the fallopian tubes, if it does so between them and the uterus the danger would be greater because it could arrive to develop
Now we know more about what an ectopic pregnancy is and what causes it, although it is not that much has been clarified about it. What is clear is that it is derived from the fact that the embryo does not reach the uterus and that is usually due to anatomical reasons.
Thus, it is common for the causes of an ectopic pregnancy to come from damage to the fallopian tubes . This may be due to a previous inflammation, to the action that surgical operations or previous abortions may have on them or because their operation is not correct. In the latter case, the woman may not be aware of this anomaly until she suffers an ectopic pregnancy, so there is no way to prevent it.
Among the natural anomalies that the fallopian tubes can present, and that can lead to an extrauterine pregnancy , it is worth noting that their adhesions narrow, so that they prevent the passage of the ovum to the uterus. It may also be due to the fact that in these channels there are polyps that also cause narrowing, thus preventing the passage of the embryo.
There are another series of external factors that can explain an ectopic pregnancy, although little is known about its degree of incidence. Among these causes is the fact that the mother is a smoker or is over 40 years old. Also that you have undergone in vitro fertilization treatment or have had your tubes tied.
Some sexually transmitted infections or the use of oral contraceptives or the IUD are also considered causes of an ectopic pregnancy. The same happens with previous abortions, if they have been induced.
In view of the causes that may explain why a woman suffers an ectopic pregnancy, little can be done to prevent them. Basically paying attention to the fallopian tubes and possible complications in them, as well as avoiding the spread of sexually transmitted diseases .
POSSIBILITY OF REPEATING
The fact of having had an ectopic pregnancy does not mean that if the woman becomes pregnant again, the same thing will happen again. It is usual that this is not the case, but it can also be the case that the same person suffers several extrauterine pregnancies , with the consequent physical but also psychological consequences for the woman trying to have a child.
In these cases it is necessary to consult with the doctor to know what can be done. Sometimes the treatment involves the removal of one of the fallopian tubes , which would prevent the embryo from remaining there after being fertilized and remaining in the uterus.