Otitis is an infection of the middle ear, one of the most common ailments in children. What are your symptoms?
Otitis is nothing more than the inflammation of the middle ear, caused by the infection produced by those bacteria or fluids that have reached the Eustachian tube. Otitis media is the most common of these types of conditions and occurs widely in infants and young children, especially those between the ages of 6 months and 2 years . In fact, it is one of the most common causes of a little one getting sick and affects almost 80% of children.
It occurs much more in early ages than in adults due to the formation and placement of the middle ear at this stage of life. The Eustachian tube, which is the tube that connects the nose and throat with the ear, is much shorter in the first years of life and its position is horizontal, which causes many liquids, fluids and even mucus to pass through. much faster, causing this type of infection.
CAUSES OF OTITIS
Otitis tends to occur a lot in the colder times of the year due to the number of colds that are caught, which affect the throat and mucus in the nose and can reach the ear through this canal. This is the most common cause of otitis since when the child is sick with the flu or cold, this affects the ducts of the throat and causes many of the bacteria or mucus from the cold to reach the ear canal through the tube of Eustaquio. The accumulation of these bacteria can produce pus or fluid, which is known as suppuration of the ear , something much more painful for children and that can get worse until the eardrum is perforated.
Even so, otitis is, as we have said before, one of the most common diseases in the first years of life and its treatment and cure is very fast and effective in the vast majority of cases. The pain and swelling usually subside within 24-78 hours after the first symptoms that the child is ill are noticed and it is not necessary to give many aggressive medications.
The first thing is to go to the doctor, who will usually prescribe painkillers to calm the inflammation and pain. Contrary to what is known, there are not many cases in which antibiotics are given to reduce the infection, but an attempt is made to avoid it as much as possible through treatment with analgesics. Antibiotics are usually only given to younger babies.
Another common and preventable cause is water that can get into the ears of babies during bathing or slightly older children in swimming or pool classes. That is why you have to be careful when putting babies in the bathtub, making sure that their ears are not horizontal when bringing the water closer to their head . As for the pools, it is enough to use ear plugs or latex caps that cover the ears.
It is also very common for these types of conditions to occur in children with a history of siblings or parents with these types of problems and in those who from an early age have gone to daycare, since they usually have a large accumulation of bacteria that can give place to catch an infection.
SYMPTOMS OF OTITIS
The clearest symptom of a child with otitis is pain . If the child does not speak yet because he is very young, he will be very restless and irritable and he will put his hand to his ear but not squeeze because that will cause him even more pain. If the child can speak, he will complain of a plugged and burning ear and will have some slight difficulty hearing due to the obstruction of the Eustachian tube.
It can lead to fever and vomiting, although when it is not a highly developed otitis these symptoms do not usually occur, although loss of appetite does. If you have reached the point of having a perforated eardrum, the clear symptom will be that a thick liquid will come out of the inside of the ear and you may even find small spots or scabs on the pillow when you wake up.
Even so, otitis sometimes does not have many symptoms and the doctor can diagnose it through a simple observation of the middle ear.
Dr. Tabriella Perivolaris, Sara's mother and fan of fashion, beauty, motherhood, among others, about the female universe. Since 2018 she has been working as a copywriter, always bringing to her articles a little of her experience and experience as a mother and woman.