Rash diseases usually occur during childhood in the vast majority of children and although they are mild disorders, it is important to know them to avoid them as much as possible. Then we will tell you about these exanthematic diseases and the best way to prevent them.
WHAT ARE EXANTHEMATIC DISEASES?
Rash diseases are skin conditions of various types that usually occur especially in childhood. These conditions are caused by a virus and often cause the skin to become reddish in addition to causing a fever.
The most common and common exanthematic diseases in children are measles, rubella, chickenpox, and scarlet fever. Then we see its characteristics one by one and the best way to treat them.
Measles is caused by the Morbillivirus virus and is transmitted through the respiratory mucosa. Among the symptoms it is necessary to indicate a very high fever as well as a great general malaise. The skin condition begins on the face and spreads over the trunk and extremities. Sometimes it tends to get complicated giving rise to dangerous pneumonia in the child. Regarding prevention, it is necessary to put the triple viral vaccine and thus avoid a possible contagion. Today the child who suffers from it is quite rare since it is a fairly controlled disease.
Chickenpox is undoubtedly the most popular exanthematic disease among the population . It is caused by the Varicella Zoster virus and its most common symptoms are headache, abdominal pain, and fever. The edema of the skin ends up transforming into scabs all over the body. It is advisable to avoid taking children to school while they have chickenpox as it is a very easily contagious disease. As is often the case with other conditions, the best way to prevent chickenpox is through vaccination.
Rubella usually occurs at the end of the winter months and can cause serious complications, especially in adults and pregnant women. This disease consists of the appearance of pink macules that spread rapidly throughout the child’s body. As in the case of measles, it is a disease that can be prevented through the MMR vaccine.
Scarlet fever is possibly the least known rash disease of all and is caused by a bacterial infection . This condition is characterized by the appearance of various spots around the child’s entire tongue. It is a virus that is transmitted through respiratory secretions. The symptoms of scarlet fever are usually headache, fever and tonsillitis. In many cases, scarlet fever is usually more complicated than necessary, leading to problems such as pneumonia, meningitis or hepatitis.
These are the most common exanthematous diseases that can cause various symptoms such as high fever, sore head and malaise. Fortunately, and unlike what used to happen a few years ago, these are diseases that can be prevented without problems thanks to vaccination. Therefore, do not hesitate to vaccinate your child and prevent him from contracting some of the aforementioned diseases as well as causing a possible contagion among other children. On many occasions, the infection suffered by the minor is due to the recklessness of the parents not to vaccinate their child against such exanthematic diseases.