The traditional teaching method is losing interest due to the emergence of new, more dynamic and innovative learning methods , where the child is the main center of education and learning is based on play and interaction with the environment.
Memory methods will go down in history while experience will be the main tool with which children will assimilate knowledge in the longer term. Similarly, homework and exams will become obsolete. Do you want to know more about these new alternative pedagogies ? At PregDream we tell you all about them.
1. FREE SCHOOLS
Free schools are institutions that totally distance themselves from traditional teachings, taking the best of each of the new pedagogies that are emerging and that provide the child with learning where freedom and autonomy are encouraged. In these institutions, teaching rhythms are respected as well as children’s learning interests .
With this type of alternative pedagogies, schools are outside of official education, since they create their own model of active and alternative education. The child’s creativity, curiosity, imagination and personal development are favored.
2. WALDORF SCHOOLS
Schools with the Waldorf methodology are famous for the great importance they attach to the child and the environment around him . Learning occurs through experience, where they have to be in contact with nature and their environment. In addition, they also have a series of pre-designed teaching materials.
Children’s learning rhythms are also respected in Waldorf schools. Each individual is a different person with certain characteristics that must be respected. In addition, learning revolves around the interests of the child himself. There are no grades or exams, as cooperative learning and autonomy are promoted above all .
Something very important is that in this type of alternative pedagogies there is a very strong relationship between the family and the school . The teaching-learning process must exist in an environment where the school , the family and the child are in full agreement. The teacher-student ratio is very low, which makes it easier for children to better solve their doubts and their learning to be more appropriate to their needs.
3. MONTESSORI SCHOOLS
In Montessori schools , the child will not only be the protagonist of the teaching-learning process, but also the teacher will be a mere spectator and guide who will help the child to overcome the obstacles that arise during the assimilation of knowledge. Thus, autonomy, independence, initiative and will are the fundamental pillars of this methodology.
Thus, in Montessori schools autonomy and meaningful learning are promoted , where the child already has previous knowledge that he replaces when he acquires new ones. The teacher creates work environments based on the needs of the child with certain teaching materials, and the child must fully function in it
4. DEMOCRATIC SCHOOLS
In this type of schools, children have total freedom to participate in the educational institution just like educators, so their participation is free and equal. The rules are set among all children and decided by a democratic assembly .
In this assembly, the values that characterize it are self-government, respect and responsibility , offering the children the possibility of being an integral part of the educational community. Thus, education in democratic schools is based on joy, community, love and human rights, very important values that people need to live in harmony in a community.
5. CONSTRUCTIVIST SCHOOLS
In constructivist schools, the educator offers children the necessary tools so that they, depending on their learning pace and their interests and needs , build their own learning. In this way, teamwork and the presentation of the work of each of them are encouraged to reach coherent conclusions about what they have worked on and what they have learned.
Making mistakes is allowed , as it is the best way to learn and know how to solve problems. In this type of alternative pedagogies, what is known as education or project methodology predominates, that is , the teacher is a guide who provides the child with the necessary tools for optimal learning to occur .
6. Forest schools
In this type of school, predominant especially in Central and Northern Europe, the forest is the classroom for learning . The child experiments with the environment around him, assimilating all kinds of knowledge through experience.
Free play is a fundamental tool for this type of methodologies . Experience is essential to assimilate knowledge, when you feel learning and live it within you there is no way that it will be forgotten. On the other hand, rote learning is not forever, it is something that fades over time and that is why effective learning does not occur.