Currently there are a large number of pregnancies that do not usually go to fruition, they are natural abortions that happen more than you can imagine . They are usually much more common than couples imagine and it is not for nothing that the mother can do wrong. A molar pregnancy or hydatidiform mole, is the result of a defective fertilization that prevents the formation of the fetus and the subsequent development of a baby .
WHAT IS MOLAR PREGNANCY?
It is a defective fertilization that prevents the development and formation of the fetus. There are two types of hydatidiform mole . A risky molar pregnancy (dangerous pregnancy), which is constituted by a fertilized egg that does not have genetic information. The sperm initiates cell division and the placenta eventually forms, but there is no fetus within it. On the other hand, there is partial molar pregnancy . It occurs when two sperm fertilize the same ovum, the mass that forms within the placenta can contain a mole and the beginning of a fetus, but with severe defects for the development of the future baby. Finally it is usually absorbed by the mole.
THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF MOLAR PREGNANCY: RISK AND PARTIAL
A hyperemesis gravidarum or severe nausea, vaginal bleeding , uterus large or small for gestational age, no movements of the fetus, or the baby’s heartbeat during ultrasound tests , early symptoms of preeclampsia; such as high blood pressure and swelling in the lower extremities, discomfort in the pelvic area, very high levels of HCG for gestational age or expulsion of tissue that looks like balls, similar to a bunch of grapes.
DANGERS OF MOLAR PREGNANCY
The mola hidatiforma no longer a dangerous pregnancy . On some occasions, lung problems may occur after dilation and subsequent removal of the mole, all this if the woman’s uterus is larger than the estimated size at 16 weeks’ gestation.
There are complications such as preeclampsia , thyroid problems, or even molar pregnancies that continue or in which the placenta reappears. When it comes to the side effects of surgery, excessive vaginal bleeding or after effects may arise due to anesthesia .
The molar pregnancies are usually not cancerous and are usually formed in the womb . This type of dangerous pregnancy in very extreme circumstances can create a more aggressive tumor associated with them, also known as “chorioadenoma destruens”. It is an invasive mole that is made up of villi, which can grow within or through the muscular layer of the wall of the uterus. It can cause bleeding if the uterus is perforated due to its size.
TREATMENT OF MOLAR PREGNANCY
At this point, once the symptoms of this type of pregnancy have been diagnosed , all the tissues of the mole must be removed or it could become a cancerous mass ; after all, as we have said before, it could be considered a dangerous pregnancy at this point.
The most common procedure to remove it is usually a curettage , which can be done by suction or aspiration. In extreme cases, the pregnant woman usually asks for a hysterectomy to avoid having a pregnancy again.
YOU MUST WAIT A YEAR TO TRY TO GET PREGNANT AGAIN
It is considered that the person who suffers from it must wait a year before trying to get pregnant again , since after a molar pregnancy there is only a 1% chance of having a second mole, but after two of these pregnancies characteristics the risk of having a third party increases to 32%.
TIPS AND PREVENTION OF A MOLAR PREGNANCY
Still, to this day, it is not known for sure why this type of dangerous pregnancy occurs , but some risk factors that tend to influence its occurrences have been identified .
The age is one of them, since they often have higher percentage of appearance in pregnancies that occur after 35 years . A pregnant teen can also be at risk if she has had multiple losses in the past. Therefore, although any woman who becomes pregnant can develop some of these unusual conditions mentioned, the risk is multiplied in women under 20 and over 40.
If the pregnant woman has a history , that is, if she has already had a molar pregnancy, there is a greater chance that it will recur. Also in women who have suffered numerous abortions. The lack of carotene in the diet , which is a form of Vitamin A, can also increase the percentage of it produced, or a diet low in protein and animal fat.
Another risk factor is usually stimulated ovulation , this occurs when taking fertility treatments. Thus, the best way to prevent complications from an invasive mole or choriocarcinoma is to receive routine prenatal care from a qualified health professional, who will allow symptoms to be identified as soon as possible.
Likewise, whenever you are pregnant, you must make sure that you receive the appropriate prenatal care as soon as you enter the first trimester of pregnancy , in addition to the regular check-ups that should be carried out regularly to monitor the proper development of the baby. The GP should be informed of any bleeding, excessive vomiting, or abdominal pain during pregnancy that may be considered symptoms related to the formation of a hydatidiform mole. If vaginal bleeding continues after childbirth, an abortion, or a miscarriage; the doctor must be informed for an immediate check-up.
It goes without saying that most women tend to have a healthy and normal pregnancy, with the birth of a totally healthy baby, after suffering or treating a molar pregnancy.