Keep up to date with the safety regulations for taking babies by car within Spain, a way to prevent them from suffering serious damage.
Currently and since 2013 in Spain there are two traffic regulations related to safety regulations for babies and other children in the car , they are ECE 44/04, the first, and and R-129 also called i-Size . It is called like this referring to the fact that now the use of child and baby seats in the car is organized by height and not by weight as before. Since 2013, both regulations have been coexisting, however, as of the summer of 2017, only the i-Size law will remain in force. What are the differences compared to ECE 44/04? This law classified 4 types of child seats by weight but now the i-Size law establishes new groups:
– i-Size chairs 45-75 cm. Babies up to approximately twelve months should use them, they have a type of anchor that can be attached to the Isofix seat. It has several harnesses that hold the baby in the event of an accident. They must also be placed in the opposite direction to the march.
– i-Size chairs 75-105 cm. Designed for children between half a year and 4. They are also fastened with an Isofix type of anchor and with harnesses that fit into the back of the car seat.
As of the summer of 2017, the second phase of the regulations comes into force, with changes for child seats greater than 105 cm, which are safer compared to the previous ones. In addition, the i-Size law no longer allows the use of lifts that do not have an integrated backrest , they can only be used when the child measures more than 125 cm, if they measure less they will not be able to travel with a lift. The backrest on the risers allow greater protection in the event of side impacts.
WHY HAVE THE REGULATIONS BEEN CHANGED?
Although the latest data collected shows that the number of road accidents has decreased significantly, traffic accidents are the main cause of death of children and babies in Spain and the rest of Europe. In order to stop this disaster, other ways to increase safety within the vehicle itself have been studied. One of these changes is to place the baby against the march until 15 months of age and that the seats will no longer be classified by weightas up to now, if not for height. In addition, all children who are less than 135 cm tall must have their own approved seat to be able to travel in the car. The objective of this change is to guarantee the maximum safety of the child and baby against possible side and frontal impacts of the vehicle.
HOW DOES I-SIZE IMPROVE SAFETY?
With the previous regulation, babies from 9 months to one year of age could travel in the direction of the march without complications. However, numerous tests done with dummies have shown that it is not safe for the little one. Carrying it in the opposite direction to the march reduces the possibility of suffering some type of serious injury by 5 times. This is so because the baby’s neck grows and strengthens according to age, that is, regardless of their weight or height (weighing more does not necessarily mean that their body is more resistant). Therefore, in the event of a collision, his neck is still too fragile and it would be impossible for him to support the weight of his head (still disproportionate to his body). In the event of a frontal collision, the trunk would be retained by the harness, however the neck would not withstand that pressure and it would most likely be seriously damaged, resulting in damage to the spine and internal injuries.
By placing the baby in the opposite direction to the march, the deceleration forces make the pressure of the blow better distributed through the spine because it will be supported by the back of the chair, so the neck, spine and internal organs will be more protected.
Currently, in order to comply with the regulations correctly, seats must pass an additional lateral impact test and manufacturers of child restraint systems (CRS) now make them based on the height of the child and not on his weight . Some SRI brands already have seats that adapt to the new regulations and can be easily found on the market, they are generally also compatible with current Isofix seats.
HOW TO TRAVEL WITH BABIES BASED ON THE NEW REGULATIONS?
– Children up to 15 months must ride in the back seat and in the opposite direction of travel.
– From 15 months and children who measure less than 1.35 must have their own approved seat and will always travel in the back seat , it does not have to be in the opposite direction. In cases where all the back seats are occupied by other child seats, an exception can be made and the minor may travel forward but with the seat. In such a case it has to be the highest of all.
– Carrying minors only with the belt can no longer be done , it is an offense and also undermines their safety, think that since children do not touch the ground (as in adults) the belt is no longer safe for them because they can go out laid off. The chair protects them in a 75% probability of dying and in a 90% probability of injuries to the spinal cord, neck and head. Starting this summer there will be significant penalties.
– Even if they measure more than 1.35, the DGT recommends that the chair continue to be used at least until the child measures 1.50. It doesn’t really matter if you are an adult or a child, anyone under 1.35 should have their own restraint chair, even for short trips.
– There are two exceptions whereby children under 1.35 can ride in the passenger seat. The first is when the vehicle is only two-seater and the second, as we discussed earlier, is when all the seats are occupied by other child restraint systems.
– In taxis, children can travel without a chair as long as it is within a city and not by road. It is recommended to ask the taxi driver to do the minimum kilometers per hour in these cases.
Dr. Tabriella Perivolaris, Sara's mother and fan of fashion, beauty, motherhood, among others, about the female universe. Since 2018 she has been working as a copywriter, always bringing to her articles a little of her experience and experience as a mother and woman.