The vegetations or adenoids spongy lymphoid tissue is located behind the nostrils. Its main function is to protect the body from external influences that may cause any alteration in the body. That is why vegetations act when bacteria, viruses or any element that can cause a bad reaction come into contact with the human body. They help us by producing lymphocytes that protect against different infections.
VEGETATIONS IN CHILDREN
When children are young, as they have hardly been exposed after having spent 9 months in their mother’s womb, they are at greater risk of suffering from some type of infection because they are not prepared to fight them . It is for this reason that the role of vegetations can help children’s defenses to be much stronger and to activate as soon as the infection comes into contact with them through the mouth or nose.
As we have already said, children are more exposed since their immune system is not as well developed . That is why the vegetations develop too much due to their continuous work. Normally, adenoids tend to be larger in children up to the age of five . From that age, these tend to decrease until they disappear because the human body is looking for other ways to protect itself from possible foreign infections.
CAUSES AND SYMPTOMS OF VEGETATIONS IN CHILDREN
The enlargement of the adenoids may be due to the fact that the body of the injured child is fighting against an external infection. It is assumed that once the danger passes, the vegetations should return to their previous size, but this is not always the case, being annoying for the child. It is also possible that there does not need to be a risk for the adenoids to enlarge . Sometimes these develop more than normal in the newborn, causing different difficulties and discomfort in the newborn.
Symptoms begin to appear when the size of the adenoids is so large that it can block the child’s nose. This tamponade can be total or partial , although in any case it is noticeable and uncomfortable for those who suffer from it. From this first consequence, the following symptoms are derived:
1. Changes in breathing. With a blocked nose, the child will have no choice but to breathe through the mouth . In the event that the nose is partially blocked, it can also make the child, seeing breathing difficulties, also choose to use the mouth for this task.
2. Dry mouth. This is one of the symptoms that occurs in relation to a blocked nose. By breathing continuously through the mouth, the child may have a continuous sensation of dry mouth and a great need to drink water frequently. This dryness can also lead to the appearance of bad breath due to lack of hydration.
3. Difficulties swallowing. When having a dry mouth, it is very likely that the throat will be irritated by the lack of hydration. No matter how much water consumption is increased, the effects of having to breathe only through the mouth and not through the nose cannot be counteracted . Therefore, it is recommended that the child is not forced to eat foods that are difficult for him to pass.
4. Snoring. When an inflammation of the vegetations occurs, it is possible that the child begins to snore at night. It can be quite a loud sound, but nothing can be done against. This is a problem for both the child who snores and the person who has to sleep with him since neither rests fully.
5. Sleep apneas. A stuffy nose can also cause this type of problem. When a child is sleeping, having no breathing facilities, a momentary interruption of breathing may occur causing them to run out of air during that time. In this case, it only affects the sleep of the child with the inflamed vegetations causing them not to rest enough to be rested during the day.
6. Nasal congestion. The presence of a possible infection can cause a greater presence of mucus that seeks to combat it. This will increase the plugging of the nose and not only be affected by the enlargement of the adenoids.
7. Increase in infections. When children have inflamed vegetations, they cannot protect the body in the same way as if they were in an optimal state. That is why the child’s immune system is exposed to a greater number of risks. Among the most common infections you can get is otitis , although you may also have sinusitis or pharyngitis.