Coeducation is the methodology to educate children from school from the equal treatment of both genders.
The coeducation is a term that refers to an educational methodology that promotes gender equality and does not discriminate against people based on this variable. In other words, it is about providing equal treatment for men and women, offering equal opportunities and promoting respect and tolerance, to avoid any relationship of dominance of one sex over another and to instill values.
The inclusion of women in the educational system has evolved due to social changes, which have produced an evolution in the way of thinking. In schooling, women have gone through various stages, from being educated at home for not having the right to schooling, to having the right to schooling., but in different places from men. In both, the education they received was solely and exclusively oriented towards housework and learning about caring for their husbands and children. What was finally achieved was a mixed school, in which both boys and girls lived together in the same school. However, this did not directly imply that there was gender equality in the school, since the influence of the male figure was very present, and knowledge tinged with gender stereotypes was transmitted.
AT WHAT POINT IS EQUALITY EDUCATION IN OUR SOCIETY?
At present, we are in a transition phase, since there are many schools that try to be based on a parity methodology, educating boys and girls with coeducational formulas, following egalitarian gender roles.
For many, it is a challenge to change the way of teaching so as not to transmit gender stereotypes, since it is in our way of speaking and communicating with the students, in the treatment that is given and in how it is perceived by them, the information that is transmitted and how, the use of stories or teaching materials, even in the most dynamic activities, where these stereotypes are deeply ingrained.
However, more and more schools and their teachers are in charge of analyzing and reflecting on the materials used in the classroom and the subjects taught, in order to create tools to achieve model-free learning for children. and differentiated social roles.
Before continuing, it is necessary to point out the difference between gender and sex. Sex is determined by nature, while gender can be educated, learned, and manipulated. Our society, today, continues to fight against inequality between men and women , and coeducation is one of the most important pillars to achieve gender equality in all areas of life. It is not, for example, not to teach the physical and hormonal differences between the male and female sex, but to work them with the students in order to sensitize and raise awareness of the changessuffered by both, in order to face the stage of adolescence in a more natural and less suffered, without added trauma. Coeducation consists of normalizing the coexistence between boys and girls within educational centers, and thus improving the school climate so that the interaction between students is egalitarian.
ARE THERE ANY CHALLENGES OR OBSTACLES TO ACHIEVING GREATER CHANGE?
However, there are some challenges that equality education faces. As for example, the knowledge used to carry out the educational curriculum, in which references to the contributions of women in history, literature, art, science, etc. are “missing”, in addition to the statements that they are made in books that are based on prejudices and stereotypes about women. It is also important to refer to the language used in the classrooms, since the use of masculine to refer to the entire group made up of women and men is still very present, although its use is justified as a habitual way of referring to gender or species.
Moving away from educational centers, we must also point out that there are many inequalities with respect to gender in other areas. In the field of marketing and advertising, sexist and discriminatory stereotypes continue to be used , in which the role of women is distorted by the traditional vision that men have of them, understood as a form of abuse of their power as a male of the species. This is one of the most influential areas for young people today , as they are exposed to continuous publicity, both in the media and on social networks.
WHAT CAN ACTIVE AGENTS IN EDUCATION DO?
Currently, in our country, the social and educational changes that are taking place to promote equality are visible, not only between men and women, but also between different social groups, ethnic groups or religions, etc. For this reason, it is important to point out that progress on this aspect exists, and many families and professionals propose to introduce legislative, cultural and educational changes that, ultimately, lead to banishing the current burden that the so-called “gender violence” . Educate in equality It is essential to modify behaviors and roles, raise awareness attitudes, iron out thoughts, firmly raise the need for recognition of the concept of equality for all and by all.
For all this, there are two active agents in coeducation: the family and the teaching staff, and for this reason it is important to reflect on the unconscious errors that are committed in the transmission of knowledge and values. Toys, clothing, music, extracurricular activities, inter-family relationships, etc., are still gender-dependent.
Therefore, we find ourselves in the need to try to change these types of conditions, so that boys and girls are free to choose their tastes or preferences, without feeling questioned by the canons or stereotypes imposed by the family, society or school. And although there is still a long way to go to achieve a just and egalitarian society , each of us has in our hands the opportunity to make a small change, both when interacting with others with respect and tolerance, and when it comes to serve as role models for subsequent generations.
Dr. Tabriella Perivolaris, Sara's mother and fan of fashion, beauty, motherhood, among others, about the female universe. Since 2018 she has been working as a copywriter, always bringing to her articles a little of her experience and experience as a mother and woman.