The Montessori Method is a learning style different from the traditional one and that María Montessori wanted to teach the world.
Maria Montessori was an Italian pedagogue , educator, biologist, scientist and psychologist born in 1870 and died in 1952. She was the first woman to graduate as a doctor of medicine . His theories on new pedagogical methods for teaching, based on the Froebel system, had a great impact in the 20th century and are still valid today.
For her, the game was the best tool by which the child acquired all his learning in a fun and spontaneous way. At PregDream, we tell you more about the famous Montessori method and its impact on children’s education today.
CHILDREN ARE SPONGES THAT ABSORB EVERYTHING
Maria Montessori realized that the child absorbs all aspects of the environment around him , whether good or bad. Thus, both the main caregivers and the teachers must be guides and companions in their own learning, you must stimulate them and help them develop the relevant skills by creating an appropriate environment for it.
THE CHILD MUST EXPERIENCE HIS ENVIRONMENT TO LEARN
In this way, the child is produced in what is called meaningful learning in pedagogy , that is, children relate the knowledge they already have with the new ones that they are assimilating, and it is in this way that they learn new things.
In the context of the educational center, there must be a prepared environment adapted to the characteristics and needs of the child, so that the child can develop their autonomy in all areas. The materials within this environment, which in the educational center will be the classroom, must also enable the stimulation and assimilation of new knowledge as long as these are adapted to their development and age .
These materials must be designed according to the capacities and needs of the child , to develop the child’s basic cognitive skills and be himself responsible for his own learning. Thus, you must promote autonomy in children to awaken their desire to learn, so that they themselves decide to learn what interests them the most.
THE ROLE OF THE ADULT IS THAT OF SPECTATOR AND GUIDE
As an adult or teacher, you only have to help the little one to achieve their goals and provide them with a suitable and valid work environment so that they can learn at their free will. Thus, as an adult, you will only intervene if you see that the little one cannot do it alone, or it is he who asks you for the help he needs to be able to do a certain activity .
The principles of the Montessori method are freedom, love and the environment or context . With the Montessori method, discovery learning is also promoted, so that the child acquires knowledge by himself through the discovery of it.
Education based on the Montessori method addresses all educational levels , from birth to 24 years of age, making the curriculum integrated. For this reason, it is intended that children are divided into groups taking into account two criteria: age and the sensitive periods that correspond to this age.
María Montessori realized that each age of development of the child corresponds to a sensitive period, that is, a special sensitivity to stimuli that appear throughout the development of the person.
These periods are the acquisition of language , order, sensory sophistication, interest in small objects , and social behavior , and they arise from birth to four years. Between these ages, these periods are acquired and then they develop over the years.
Maria Montessori divided the ages of the children into periods or levels of development , to make learning appropriate to the real capacities that the person has at a certain age. Thus, he distinguished: first level (from birth to 6 years), second level (from 6 to 12 years), third level (from 12 to 18 years) and fourth level (from 18 to 24 years ).
At each stage of development or level, it is described what content and knowledge children are capable of learning based on their age. Thus, the Montessori method makes learning a truly effective process.
Dr. Tabriella Perivolaris, Sara's mother and fan of fashion, beauty, motherhood, among others, about the female universe. Since 2018 she has been working as a copywriter, always bringing to her articles a little of her experience and experience as a mother and woman.